Test A-Z

Tests available
Test Target turnaround Sample types
16S rRNA bacterial gene detection 3 days Any (inc. fixed tissue) preferably from normally sterile sites
16S rRNA bacterial gene sequencing 3 days PCR product (see detection above) or bacterial culture
18S rRNA fungal gene detection 3 days Any (inc. fixed tissue) preferably from normally sterile sites
18S rRNA fungal gene sequencing 3 days PCR product (see detection above) or fungal culture
Acanthamoeba DNA 2 days Corneal scrape, swab or contact lens, contact lens solution
Adenovirus DNA Next day EDTA/citrated whole blood, stool or any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc). BAL and NPA preferred, eye swab, tissue, urine
Adenovirus DNA quantitation Next day EDTA/citrated whole blood
Adenovirus typing 3 days PCR product generated in-house from the sample types detailed for Adenovirus DNA
Alpha-1 antitrypsin genotyping 5 days EDTA/citrated whole blood
Aspergillus genus DNA 3 days EDTA/citrated whole blood/respiratory
Bocavirus Next day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Bordetella genus DNA Next day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Bordetella pertussis DNA Next day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Borrelia burgdorferi antibody (externally referred) 14 days Serum
Borrelia burgdorferi DNA Next day EDTA/citrated whole blood, CSF, skin biopsy
Borrelia genus Next day EDTA/citrated whole blood, CSF, skin biopsy
Brucella antibody (externally referred) 14 days Serum
Brucella genus DNA 3 days EDTA/citrated whole blood, CSF, tissue
Burkholderia cepacia complex 3 days Sputum, culture
Burkholderia cepacia complex typing 5 days Sputum, culture
Candida albicans DNA 2 days EDTA/citrated whole blood, CSF, tissue
Cervical cytology (externally referred) 10 days ‘Thin prep’ endocervical cellular specimens.
Chlamydia pneumoniae DNA Next day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Chlamydia psittaci DNA 2 days Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Chlamydia trachomatis DNA 3 days Eye swab, throat swab For genitourinary: Female: Endocervical, vaginal or rectal swab, first pass urine, ‘Thin prep’ endocervical cellular specimens Male: Urethral swab, first pass urine, semen, rectal swab
Clostridrium difficile 3 days Stool
Coronavirus 229E, HKU1, NL63 or OC43 Next day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Coxiella burnetii Next day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred and tissues, whole blood.  We do not accept cultures.
Cryptococcus neoformans DNA Next day CSF
Cytomegalovirus DNA Same day EDTA/citrated whole blood, urine, serum/EDTA plasma, eye fluid, tissue, biopsy or respiratory specimen - BAL preferred Pregnancy – EDTA whole blood, amniotic fluid, cervical swab, serum/plasma
Cytomegalovirus DNA quantitation Same day EDTA/citrated whole blood, urine, serum/EDTA plasma, eye fluid
Cytomegalovirus ganciclovir resistance 5 days As for CMV DNA
Enterovirus RNA Next day CSF, swab, stool, tissue, serum, plasma, EDTA/citrated whole blood - may be useful in suspected meningitis cases
Enterovirus typing 3 days CSF, EDTA/citrated whole blood, stool, respiratory samples, tissue, serum, plasma
Epstein Barr Virus DNA Same day EDTA/citrated whole blood, CSF, urine, serum, plasma, eye fluid, biopsy, respiratory samples
Epstein Barr Virus DNA quantitation Same day EDTA/citrated whole blood, CSF, urine, serum, plasma, eye fluid
Escherichia coli DNA 2 days CSF, EDTA/citrated whole blood
Factor V Mutation + Prothrombin 5 days EDTA / citrated whole blood
Forensic DNA Profiling – tissue extraction 10 days Muscle
Forensic DNA Profiling - extraction from bone or teeth 15 days Bone/teeth
Forensic DNA Profiling 10 days Cheek swab, EDTA/citrated whole blood, tissue, serum, fixed tissue (least preferred sample), personal items (Hairbrush, comb, razor)
Group A Streptococcus (S.pyogenes) DNA Next day CSF, EDTA/citrated whole blood, tissue
Group B Streptococcus (S. agalactiae) DNA Next day CSF, EDTA/citrated whole blood, tissue
Haemochromatosis H63D C282Y 5 days EDTA / citrated whole blood
Haemophilus ducreyi DNA Next day Swab
Haemophilus influenzae/parainfluenzae DNA Next day CSF, EDTA/citrated whole blood (may be useful in suspected meningitis cases) or any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA are preferred.
HBV Core/PreCore Mutations 5 days Serum/plasma
Hepatitis B core antibody 3 days Serum preferred or Na-heparin*, EDTA, sodium citrate plasma
Hepatitis B e antibody 3 days Serum preferred or Na-heparin*, EDTA, sodium citrate plasma
Hepatitis B e antigen 3 days Serum preferred or Na-heparin*, EDTA, sodium citrate plasma
Hepatitis B drug resistance mutation screen 5 days Serum/plasma
Hepatitis B surface antibody 3 days Serum preferred or EDTA plasma **
Hepatitis B surface antigen 3 days Serum preferred or Li-heparin*, EDTA, citrate plasma
Hepatitis B surface antigen quantitation 3 days Serum preferred or Li-heparin*, Na-heparin*, EDTA, citrate plasma
Hepatitis B virus DNA (<10IU/mL) Next day At least 0.3ml serum/plasma
Hepatitis B virus DNA quantitation (<10IU/mL) Next day At least 0.3ml serum/plasma
Hepatitis B genotyping 3 days Serum/plasma
Hepatitis C antibody (EIA) 3 days Serum preferred or Li-heparin*, Na-heparin*, EDTA, citrate plasma
Hepatitis C antibody (RIBA) 3 days Serum preferred or Li-heparin*, citrate or EDTA plasma
Hepatitis C NS3 Q80K polymorphism 3 days At least 0.3ml serum/plasma
Hepatitis C genotyping 3 days Serum/plasma
Hepatitis C virus RNA (<18IU/ml) Next day At least 0.3ml serum/plasma
Hepatitis C virus RNA quantitation (<18IU/ml) Next day At least 0.3ml serum/plasma
Hepatitis D virus RNA 3 days Serum/plasma. This assay should always be reviewed in conjunction with HBV investigations.
Hepatitis D virus RNA quantitation 3 days Serum/plasma. This assay should always be reviewed in conjunction with HBV investigations.
Hepatitis E virus RNA 4 days Serum/plasma
Herpes Simplex virus DNA Next day CSF, AC tap, EDTA/citrated whole blood, corneal scrape, vesicle fluid, skin/eye/vesicle/lesion swab, tissue Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc)  Genitourinary - For female: Endocervical or vulval lesions sample area with a swab and place into viral transport media (VTM). Male: Penile lesions - Penile swab placed into VTM Pregnancy – vulval/vaginal swab
Herpes Simplex virus types I & II typing Next day Performed routinely on positive HSV sample (Except oral and eye samples)
HIV I & II antibody and p24 antigen (EIA) 3 days Serum preferred or Li-heparin*, EDTA plasma
HIV I & II antibody (LIA) 3 days Serum preferred or Li-heparin*, citrate or EDTA plasma
HIV I & II antibody (LIA) - saliva 3 days Saliva
HIV-1 LTR, env, gag and pol genes 2 days EDTA whole blood preferred or serum/plasma/semen/cell lines
HIV-1 RNA drug resistance 9 days Serum/plasmaThis test requires at least 500μL of sampleUse EDTA whole blood, separate the plasma within 24 hours of blood collection.  Ship at ambient temperature for next day delivery. Please supply viral load if available.
HIV-1 RNA Integrase drug resistance 5 days Serum/plasmaThis test requires at least 500μL of sampleUse EDTA whole blood, separate the plasma within 24 hours of blood collection.  Ship at ambient temperature for next day delivery. Please supply viral load if available. 
HIV-1 RNA quantitation 3 days Serum/plasma.  This test requires at least 1mL of sampleUse EDTA whole blood, separate the plasma within 24 hours of blood collection.  Ship at ambient temperature for next day delivery. 
HIV-2 LTR and pol DNA/RNA 2 days EDTA whole blood preferred or serum/plasma/semen/cell lines
HTLV I & II antibody 2 days Serum preferred or EDTA, citrate plasma
HTLV DNA or RNA 3 days EDTA/citrated whole blood or CSF
Human Herpesvirus 6 DNA Same day EDTA/citrated whole blood (CSF in encephalitis), bone marrow biopsies, BAL, plasma***, serum***
Human Herpesvirus 6 DNA quantitation Next day day EDTA/citrated whole blood (CSF in encephalitis), bone marrow, plasma***, serum***
Human Herpesvirus 7 DNA Next day EDTA/citrated whole blood, CSF, plasma***, serum***
Human Herpesvirus 8 DNA Same day EDTA/citrated whole blood, plasma***, serum***
Human Herpesvirus 8 DNA quantitation Next day EDTA/citrated whole blood, plasma***, serum***
Human metapneumovirus RNA Same day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Human Papillomavirus DNA detection   5 days   Swab, tissue (including fixed).  Please state site of swab / tissue type. For genital samples: Female: Endocervical swab sent in VTM or ‘thin prep’ endocervical cellular specimens. Male: Penile swab placed into VTM or fresh biopsy tissue.
Human Papillomavirus DNA typing. 5 days Any positive detected from samples detailed for HPV detection. 
Human Papillomavirus DNA high risk typing (Genital samples only) 5 days Female: Endocervical swab sent in VTM or ‘thin prep’ endocervical cellular specimens. Male: Penile swab placed into VTM. 
IL28B gene (rs12979860) 4 days EDTA / citrated whole blood
Influenza A virus RNA Same day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Influenza A H1N1 confirmation 2 days Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Influenza B virus RNA Same day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Leptospira genus DNA 2 days CSF, EDTA/citrated whole blood, urine
Listeria monocytogenes DNA Next day CSF, EDTA/citrated whole blood - may be useful in suspected meningitis cases
Measles virus RNA Same day CSF, urine, saliva, mouth/throat swab, whole blood
Mumps IgG antibody 3 days Serum preferred or citrate plasma
Mumps virus RNA Same day CSF, urine, saliva, mouth/throat swab
Mycobacterium avium complex\TB complex DNA Next day Sputum, tissue, fixed tissue, CSF, BAL
Mycobacterium genus DNA 4 days Sputum, tissue, fixed tissue, CSF, BAL
Mycobacterium TB rifampicin resistance 3 days Sputum, tissue, fixed tissue, CSF, BAL
Mycoplasma genitalium DNA 2 days Urine/genital swab
Mycoplasma genus DNA 3 days CSF, EDTA/citrated whole blood, tissue culture
Mycoplasma pneumoniae DNA Next day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Neisseria gonorrhoeae DNA 3 days Eye swab For genitourinary: Female: Endocervical, vaginal or rectal swab, first pass urine, ‘Thin prep’ endocervical cellular specimens.  Male: Urethral swab, first pass urine, semen, rectal swab
Neisseria meningitidis DNA Same day CSF, EDTA/citrated whole blood (may be useful in suspected meningitis cases)
Neisseria meningitidis DNA typing 2 days Performed routinely on positive Neisseria meningitidis samples
Parainfluenza 1,2,3 and 4 virus RNA Same day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Parechovirus RNA Next day CSF, swab, stool, tissue, serum, plasma, EDTA/citrated whole blood - may be useful in suspected meningitis cases
Parvovirus B19 DNA Same day EDTA/citrated whole blood, amniotic fluid, serum/plasma, post-mortem samples (Foetal), CSF, bone marrow
Parvovirus B19 DNA quantitation Next day EDTA/citrated whole blood, amniotic fluid, serum/plasma, CSF
Paternity Testing 7 days Cheek swab
Pneumocystis carinii (aka jiroveci) DNA Next day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Polyoma BK virus DNA Next day EDTA/citrated whole blood, urine, CSF
Polyoma BK virus DNA quantitation Next day EDTA/citrated whole blood, urine, CSF
Polyoma JC virus DNA Next day EDTA/citrated whole blood, CSF, urine
Propionibacteria/Actinomyces DNA 2 days Eye swab, tissue, CSF, vitreous fluid
Respiratory Syncytial Virus RNA Same day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Respiratory Virus Screen Next day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Rhinovirus RNA Same day Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Rhinovirus typing 3 days Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc), BAL and NPA preferred
Rubella IgG antibody 3 days Serum preferred or Li-heparin, EDTA, sodium citrate plasma.  Plasma treated with sodium fluoride and potassium oxalate should not be used
Rubella virus RNA Same day CSF, EDTA/citrated whole blood, throat swab, urine, amniotic fluid
Salmonella enterica Next day CSF, EDTA/citrated whole blood – may be useful in suspected meningitis cases, tissue, abscess fluid.
Staphylococcus genus DNA Next day CSF, aqueous/vitreous humour, tissue
Streptococcus pneumoniae DNA Same day CSF, whole blood – may be useful in suspected meningitis cases.  Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc). BAL and NPA preferred
Toxoplasma gondii DNA Same day CSF, EDTA/citrated whole blood, amniotic fluid, aqueous/vitreous humours, tissue
Toxoplasma IgG antibody 5 days Serum preferred or Li-heparin*, EDTA or citrate plasma
Treponema pallidum (syphilis) antibody (externally referred) 14 days Serum
Treponema pallidum DNA Next day CSF, genital swab
Trichomonas vaginalis DNA Next day Genital swab
Tropheryma whippelii DNA Next day CSF and almost any cellular material including whole blood.  PLEASE DO NOT SEND SERUM.
Ureaplasma urealyticum/parvum DNA 2 days Urine, genital swab, respiratory (neonates)
Varicella Zoster virus DNA Next day CSF, AC tap, EDTA/citrated whole blood, corneal scrape, vesicle fluid, skin/eye/vesicle/lesion swab, tissue.  Any respiratory specimen (sputum, BAL, NPA, nasopharyngeal swab etc)  Genitourinary - For female: Endocervical or vulval lesions sample area with a swab and place into viral transport media (VTM). Male: Penile lesions - Penile swab placed into VTM Pregnancy – vulval/vaginal swab
West Nile Fever virus RNA Next day CSF

Notes

  • whole blood = EDTA (preferred) or citrated
  • respiratory = URT swab, NPA, tracheal aspirate, sputum (spontaneous or induced), BAL.  Sample type will depend on patient's condition.
  • swabs = please send swabs dry or in 0.5ml virus transport medium.  NOT charcoal or gel.
  • Other acceptable sample types include aqueous/vitreous humours or pericardial/synovial/amniotic fluids as appropriate.